The province of Tehran has nearly 12,000,000 inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region. Its area is around 18,637 square kilometers. The city of Tehran is the center of the province and the capital of the country, it is the central district of the province. Other districts are: Shemiranat, Islam Shahr, the city of Ray, Karaj, Jajrood, Lar, and Rood Shoor. The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Ghajar in 1778. Today Tehran ranks in the top 20 metropolitans of the world.
Qom is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Qom. It was formed from part of Tehran province in 1995.
Markazi is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the west of the country, and its center is Arak. The present boundaries of the province date to the 1980s, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran province, with portions being annexed to Esfahan, Semnan province and Zanjan.
Qazvin may refer to:
Gilan is a province in Iran, during antique time known as part of Hyrcania, with a population of approximately 2 million and an area of 14,700 sq. km. It lies just west of the province of Mazandaran, along the Caspian Sea. The center of the province is the city of Rasht.
The main harbor is Bandar-e Anzali (previously Bandar-e Pahlavi).
Ardabil is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan and the provinces of East Azarbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its center is Ardabil. It used to be part of East Azarbaijan province, and was made a separate province in 1993. It's famous natural region is Sabalan mountains. The majority of Ardebil province's population is composed of Azerbaijanis.
Zanjan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, and its center is Zanjan. Zanjan province has an area of 36,400 km² and a largely rural population of 1.7 million. It is famous for its seedless grapes. The majority of Zanjan province's inhabitants are Azerbaijanis.
East Azarbaijan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, bordering Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the provinces of Ardabil, West Azarbaijan, and Zanjan. Its center is Tabriz.
West Azarbaijan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. Population: 2,000,000 (1990). Area: 37,500 sq. km.
It should not be confused with the west part of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Most follow Shiite Islam; however, there are numerous Christian minorities such as the Assyrians which have historically lived on the west shore of Urmieh lake as well as Armenians which are scattered throughout the province. Notably the city of Maku in northern West Azarbaijan was the only city in Iran (before World War II) where Christians comprised the majority.
Kordestan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, not be confused with the greater geographical area of Kurdistan. It is in the west of the country, bordering Iraq. This province is one of the most mountainous provinces of Iran and has a generally cold climate.
The center of this province is the city of Sanandaj. Other major cities of this province are Marivan, Baneh, Saqqez, Qorveh, Bijar and Sardasht. Sorani-Kurdish is the spoken language of the majority of the people in this province which is a North-Western Iranian language related to Persian.
KHorasan is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the centre and capital of the province.
Other cities and townships are Ghouchan, Dargaz, Chenaran, Sarakhs, Fariman, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Khaf, Roshtkhar, Kashmar, Bardaskan, Nishapur, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Kalat, Khalil Abad and Mahvalat.
Razavi Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan in 2004.
Hamadan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. Its center is Hamadan city.
Kermanshah is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the west of the country, bordering Iraq. Its center is Kermanshah. Between 1979 and the 1990s, the province was known as Bakhtaran.
Ilam is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-west of the country, bordering Iraq. Its center is Ilam.
Luristan comprises a province and an historic territory of western Iran south of the Zagros Mountains.
In the wider sense (as its name implies), "Luristan" refers to the land of the Lurs, namely that part of western Persia bounded by Iraq on the west and extending for about 400 miles on a northwest to southeast axis from Kermanshah to Fars.
Khuzestan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-west of the country, bordering Iraq and Kuwait. Its center is Ahvaz.
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country. Its center is Shehre-Kurd.
Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-west of the country, and its center is Yasuj.
Bushehr is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bandar-e-Bushehr.
Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country. Its center is Shiraz, Iran.
Roughly, Fars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Farsi or Parsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form of the root word Pars. Fars is arabicized version of Pars. The Old Persian word was Parsa.
Hormozgan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, facing Oman. Its center is Bandar Abbas.
Sistan and Baluchistan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-east of the country, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan, and its center is Zahedan.
The province is the second largest in Iran with the area of 181,600 sq km and a population of 2.1 million.
In the south and west of Sistan and Baluchistan the people are mostly Balochi and speak the Baluchi language.
The capital of the province is Zahedan with a population of 420,000 inhabitants.
Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south-east of the country. Its center is Kerman. The province of Kerman is the third largest in Iran, 180,000 km². The population of the province is about 2 million. Most of the province is largely steppe or sandy desert, although there are some oases where dates, oranges (said to be the best in Iran) and pistachios are cultivated. The province is dependent on ghanats (underground water channels) for its irrigation. In the central parts there is a mountain region with Mt. Hezar being the highest peak, 4465 meters from the sea.
Yazd is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the center of the country, and its center is Yazd.
Esfahan (sometimes rendered as Isfahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is a central province, and has its center at Esfahan.
Surface: 107027 square km
Population in the year 2000: 3,923,255
Population of the Isfahan city: 2,540,000
Number of townships: 18
Number of counties: 38
Number of cities: 67
Number of rural districts (Dehestan): 117
Number of inhabited cities and villages: 2470
Literacy rate: %87
Semnan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Semnan.
Mazandaran is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. Mazandaran or Mazenderan was a part of the Persian province of Hyrcania.
The name is from Old Persian "mahs Indra" (Great/Big Indra, a Vedic god).
Mazandaran changed hands often early in its history (Russia...) and was incorporated into the Persian Empire by Shah Abbas I in 1596. It was formerly a part of the greater province of Taparestan or Tabaristan. Two famous 9th-century Persian scholars from Tabaristan, were both commonly called "al-Tabari" (simply "from Tabaristan")
Golestan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-east of the country. Its center is Gorgan. It was split off from the province of Mazandaran in 1997.
28,29,30. Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan and now it has been devided into 3 provinces: North Khurasan, Razavi Khurasan and South Khurasan ) located in eastern and northeastern Iran. The name Khorasan is Persian and is made up of parts which mean "where the sun arrives from". The name was given to the eastern province of Persia during the Sassanid empire.
Currently Mashhad is the center of Razavi Khurasan, Birjand the center of South Khurasan and Bojnourd the center of North Khurasan.
A law has been passed in the Parliament The Majlis, which means parliament or assembly in the Arabic language, was the lower house of the Iranian Legislature from 1906 to 1979. After the Islamic Revolution, when the Iranian Legislature became unicameral, the Majlis became the main legislative body.
It was first created by a clause in the 1906 Iranian Constitution and soon gained power under the rule
(May 18, 2004) and the Council of Guardians (May 29, 2004) to further divide the province of Khorasan into three new provinces: North Khorasan, South Khorasan, and Razavi Khorasan.
Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. Provincial government is headed up by a governor , who is installed by the Minister of Interior.